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Multiple Choice Quiz
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What is expressive culture?
A)It refers to the faster changing components of art.
B)It refers to those aspects of culture directly linked to language.
C)It refers to the visual arts, literature, music, and theater arts.
D)It refers to the use of call systems to produce art.
E)It refers to the ways in which people impress each other.
What is the anthropological term for applying our own cultural standards about what is art to other cultures?
A)cultural relativism
B)participant observation
C)international culture
E)cultural transmission
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between the arts and religion in non-Western societies?
A)Art is always linked with religion.
B)Art is frequently, but not always, linked with religion.
C)Art is never linked with religion.
D)Art does not exist in non-Western societies because those societies lack permanently demarcated spaces for art.
E)Art is created and performed by full-time, professional artists.
Where would you expect to find the most variation in art appreciation?
A)the Tiv
B)the Kalabari
C)the United States
D)the Yoruba
E)the Basongye
What is the anthropological term for the view that the values and standards of cultures differ and deserve respect?
B)cultural relativism
C)participant observation
D)international culture
E)cultural transmission
Why do the Kalabari of southern Nigeria carve wooden sculptures?
A)for aesthetic reasons
B)to exchange as bridewealth
C)to exchange as a dowry
D)to serve as houses for spirits
E)as a form of cultural survival against their Soviet colonizers
Which of the following statements about Kalabari wood carvings is not true?
A)These wood carvings are considered beautiful.
B)Carvers must base their work on past carvings.
C)A sculpture must be sufficiently complete to represent its spirit.
D)They are manufactured for religious reasons.
E)These carvings serve as houses for spirits.
Which of the following statements best summarizes Haapala's argument about the link between artists and their work?
A)Artists and their works exist independent of each other.
B)Artistic expression is a cultural universal.
C)Artists and their works are inseparable.
D)Artistic expression is unique to humans.
E)While their work is an essential part of culture, artists are parasites of society.
Which of the following statements about Tiv artists is not true?
A)They often work in public spaces.
B)It is not uncommon for an artist to complete a piece of art started by another artist.
C)Tiv artists always work individually.
D)They often incorporate comments from critics while creating a piece of art.
E)The Tiv do not recognize the same kind of connection between individuals and their art as Americans recognize.
How were the early works of Impressionist painters accepted?
A)They were judged as masterful depictions of changing light and color.
B)They were judged as crude and unfinished.
C)They were seen as the natural progression from earlier painting styles.
D)They were viewed as an advancement in the field of technical drawing.
E)Critics were impressed by the realism in the paintings.
An American's identity emerges as a result of what he or she does. In Brazil, by contrast, identity rests on
A)A. what one is from the start—a strand in a web of personal connections.
B)being distanced from social class and the extended family.
C)being well-connected to the educational system.
D)one's extended family and political connections.
E)creating a unique identity.
Which of the following statements about Basongye music is not true?
A)Music always involves humans.
B)Musical sounds must be organized.
C)Music is inherently cultural.
D)Music must continue.
E)Only one person can perform music at a time.
Which of the following statements about ethnomusicology is not true?
A)It views music as a way to explore culture.
B)It involves the firsthand study of particular forms of music.
C)It unites the study of music and culture.
D)It is the comparative study of sounds unintentionally produced by humans.
E)It studies how globalization influences the musical traditions of different cultures.
Which of the following statements about folk art is not true?
A)It contrasts with the "high" art of the European elites.
B)It refers to the expressive culture of ordinary people.
C)It often combines costumes, music, song, and dance.
D)It is less effective at expressing core values than traditional art.
E)The term was originally coined for the expressive culture of European peasants.
Which of the following statements about art appreciation is not true?
A)Art appreciation is genetically transmitted.
B)Art appreciation varies from culture to culture.
C)Art appreciation is something we acquire through enculturation.
D)Art appreciation is learned.
E)All of these are true statements about art appreciation.
American knowledge about sports comes from the media. Football symbolizes and simplifies certain key aspects of American life and values. Which of these values does it represent?
B)hard work and teamwork
C)morality and humanitarianism
D)equality and democracy
E)efficiency and practicality

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