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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Who was the founder of psychoanalysis?
A)Karen Horney
B)Sigmund Freud
C)Abraham Maslow
D)Alfred Adler
2
Which theorist stressed the importance of self-actualization?
A)Carl Rogers
B)Abraham Maslow
C)Alfred Adler
D)Gordon Allport
3
Of the following theorists, who is NOT associated with psychodynamic theory?
A)Alfred Adler
B)Karen Horney
C)Carl Rogers
D)Carl Jung
4
The five factors of personality include neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience, and
A)introversion.
B)extraversion.
C)self-actualization.
D)self-determination.
5
Which of the following is an example of hysteria?
A)a woman sobbing after ending a romantic relationship
B)a man whose hand is numb despite any physical explanation
C)a woman who becomes pregnant despite using birth control
D)a man who expresses his sadness through getting into physical fights with others
6
Which of the following has NOT been a criticism of Freud's theory?
A)He placed too much emphasis on childhood and not enough emphasis on later development.
B)He placed too much emphasis on sexuality and not enough emphasis on other sources of motivation.
C)He placed too much emphasis on cultural influences on development, and not enough emphasis on biological influences.
D)He placed too much emphasis on the unconscious and not enough emphasis on conscious thought.
7
Which personality structure did Freud believe was responsible for creating defense mechanisms?
A)superego
B)ego
C)id
D)denial
8
In which stage of psychosexual development is the Oedipus complex thought to occur?
A)phallic
B)oral
C)genital
D)anal
9
Which of the following, from earliest to latest, is the correct ordering of the psychosexual stages of development?
A)oral stage, latency period, anal stage, genital stage, phallic stage
B)anal stage, oral stage, genital stage, phallic stage, latency period
C)latency period, anal stage, oral stage, genital stage, phallic stage
D)oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency period, genital stage
10
Which theorist developed the idea of the collective unconscious?
A)Sigmund Freud
B)Alfred Adler
C)Carl Rogers
D)Carl Jung
11
Why did Mischel develop CAPS theory?
A)to refute Freud's emphasis on unconscious sexual motivation for behavior
B)to explain the heritability of various personality traits
C)to explain the fact that some traits are more heavily influenced by the situation than others, and that this varies from person to person and situation to situation
D)to explain how the personological approach could explain variations in people's personalities
12
Who was responsible for developing the tools that led to modern criminal profiling?
A)Carl Rogers
B)Abraham Maslow
C)Dan McAdams
D)Henry Murray
13
What does reciprocal determinism mean?
A)The id, ego, and superego all work together to minimize a person's anxiety.
B)Personality traits interact with unconscious processes to create enduring behavioral patterns.
C)Early childhood experiences shape the way people will behave for the remainder of their lives.
D)Cognitive factors, personality, and the environment all interact to determine a person's personality.
14
Which theorist is most closely associated with the social cognitive approach?
A)Albert Bandura
B)Carl Rogers
C)Carl Jung
D)Henry Murray
15
An item on a personality assessment is high in face validity if
A)it seems like it fits the trait it is supposed to measure.
B)it can be demonstrated to be related to other reliable measures of personality.
C)it provides similar responses over time.
D)it is able to successfully differentiate between people who have the trait and those who do not.
16
Which type of assessment requires participants to tell a story about an ambiguous stimulus?
A)self-report test
B)objective test
C)projective test
D)empirically-keyed test
17
Which of the following has NOT been a criticism of the humanistic approach to personality?
A)The humanist perspective underestimates the effect of the situation on human behavior.
B)Humanists are too optimistic about human nature.
C)The humanistic approach may encourage narcissism.
D)The humanistic perspective may encourage people to avoid taking responsibility for individual actions.
18
Which of the following traits would you expect a successful graduate student to be high in?
A)neuroticism
B)introversion
C)intelligence
D)conscientiousness
19
Psychological and physical health is more common among people who are
A)high on the traits of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness.
B)high on the traits of extraversion and conscientiousness, and low on neuroticism.
C)high on the traits of conscientiousness and neuroticism, and low on the trait of openness to experience.
D)high on the traits of openness to experience and neuroticism, and low on the trait of extraversion.
20
Carl Rogers believed that a healthy person
A)unconditional positive regard.
B)hardiness.
C)strong ego defenses.
D)self-actualization.
21
Dan McAdams felt that, in order to understand a person's personality, we must take into account that person's
A)self-efficacy.
B)repressed memories.
C)genetics.
D)complete life story.
22
According to reinforcement sensitivity theory, the BAS is related to ______ and the BIS is related to ______.
A)neuroticism; extraversion
B)extraversion; neuroticism
C)neuroticism; conscientiousness
D)conscientiousness; extraversion







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