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Grammar Exercise 04: Simple, Compound, Complex
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Sentence Combinations

Sentences can be combined in different ways. For journalists, the most common combinations are simple sentences, compound sentences, and complex sentences:

  1. Simple Sentence: One (subject + predicate)
    • Twenty Freeport citizens protested the ban against smoking.

  2. Compound Sentence: Two complete sentences joined by a comma + coordinate conjunction (and, or, nor, but, for, because, etc.)
    • Twenty Freeport citizens protested the smoking ban, but the newspaper failed to cover the story.

  3. Complex Sentences: One complete sentence (also known as an independent or main clause) + 1 subordinate (or dependent ) clause (missing either a subject or a predicate; or introduced by a conjunctive adverb — although, however, moreover, etc.)
    • Although 20 Freeport citizens protested the smoking ban, the newspaperfailed to cover the story.

New Collegiate Sport Starting Up

Identify these sentences by choosing (a) Simple, (b) Compound or (c) Complex

1
The training rooms of these college athletes smell of grease and gasoline.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
2
Their practice field is a stretch of asphalt, and their heroes make a living driving cars.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
3
Their tools are screwdrivers and spanners rather than basketballs and footballs.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
4
This new brand of college athlete is involved in the sport of auto racing.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
5
Most of the students are engineering majors, and they devote every minute of their spare time to their sport.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
6
Although the sport is new, it has already attracted six collegiate teams in the Southeast.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
7
The students work on special cars designed for their sport.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
8
The cars are called Legends cars, models of Fords and Chevys from 1932 to 1934, and they are refitted by the students with 1200 cc motorcycle engines.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
9
Although their usual speed ranges from 50 to 90 miles an hour, Legends cars can move up to 100 miles an hour on a straightaway.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex
10
The Saturday morning races of the competing teams have attracted as many as 3,500 fans, but the students concede they are no threat to the nation's fastest growing sport of stock car racing.
A)simple
B)compound
C)complex







Melvin Menchers News ReportingOnline Learning Center

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