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Introduction to Geography, 12/e
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Introduction

Multiple Choice Quiz



1

In describing the processes and patterns of spatial interaction, geographers employ the ideas of:
A)distance, absolute location, and size
B)distance, location, accessibility, and connectivity
C)distance decay, absolute location and scale
D)relative location, connectivity, and cultural landscape
2

The name "geography" was reputedly coined over 2,200 years ago by the Greek scientist:
A)Herodotus
B)Strabo
C)Eratosthenes
D)Plato
3

Which of the following is not a dominating interest characterizing all of geography's subdivisions?
A)the spatial variation of physical and human phenomena
B)study of place names
C)regional analysis
D)spatial systems that link the physical environment and human activities
4

Which of the following would not identify an absolute location?
A)Township 7 North, Range 2 West
B)38° North, 79° East
C)Lower East Side of New York
D)1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
5

Which of the following statements regarding the physical characteristics of a place is incorrect?
A)They can simultaneously present advantages and disadvantages with which humans must deal.
B)They dictate exactly the manner in which people will live in an area.
C)They may be changed by human intervention.
D)They may refer to a locality's climate and soil.
6

The term "formal region" implies:
A)a dynamic organizational unit
B)a hierarchy of territories
C)a system where individual parts are interdependent
D)a uniformity of the attributes within an area
7

The culture-environment tradition is primarily concerned with:
A)how people perceive the environments they occupy
B)summarizing places by similarities and differences
C)the distribution of cultural phenomena
D)the earth as a purely physical abstraction
8

Aside from the local scale, spatial relationships may be traced at:
A)global scales
B)national scales
C)regional scales
D)regional, national, and global scales
9

The distribution of cultural phenomena is the focus of which tradition?
A)area analysis
B)culture-environment
C)earth-science
D)locational
10

The visible imprint of human activity is known as:
A)spatial interaction
B)the attributes of the setting
C)the cultural landscape
D)the natural landscape
11

Relative location:
A)expresses spatial interconnection and interdependence
B)is defined by an established measurement system
C)is the same as mathematical location
D)provides a legal description
12

Diffusion rates are least affected by:
A)distance
B)weather
C)population density
D)means of communication
13

The term "location matters" refers to:
A)absolute location
B)connectivity
C)distance decay
D)relative location
14

Distance can be measured:
A)as linear, time, cost, or psychological distances
B)only as bridging spaces
C)only as a distance decay principle
D)only by established units of measurement
15

According to Strabo, the purpose of geography was:
A)caution civilizations against the assumption that the nature and actions of humans were determined by the physical environment
B)create a global grid system
C)describe known parts of the world and to assess the differences among countries
D)explore the apparent latitudinal variations in climate
16

Scale implies:
A)the degree of generalization represented
B)the degree to which places develop and change
C)the size of the map
D)the size of the place
17

The cultural landscape:
A)cannot be affected by the physical environment
B)exists at different scales and levels of visibility
C)is always detrimental to the physical landscape
D)is static and unchanging
18

Earth areas that display significant elements of uniformity are called:
A)absolute locations
B)formal regions
C)the cultural landscape
D)traditions
19

An example of a functional region is:
A)a tropical rain forest
B)the Corn Belt
C)French-speaking Canada
D)the trade area of a city
20

Which of the following is not true with respect to "places"?
A)They are unable to interact with other places.
B)They have location.
C)They may be large or small.
D)They may have both physical and cultural characteristics.
21

The characteristics of places today are the result of:
A)current inhabitants
B)constantly changing past conditions
C)technology
D)level of education
22

Absolute location:
A)expresses spatial interaction and interdependence
B)is the basis for the expression "location matters"
C)makes the distinction between physical and cultural characteristics
D)records a precise position on the surface of the earth
23

Geographers believe that the essential starting point for understanding how people live on and shape the earth's surface is recognizing:
A)absolute locations
B)spatial patterns
C)relative locations
D)human interactions
24

Regional boundaries are marked by:
A)arbitrary decisions based upon the scale of the map
B)significant changes in the region's unifying characteristics
C)spatial reality
D)the boundaries of a city or incorporated political unit
25

"Site" refers to the:
A)external features of a place
B)precise location of a place
C)proximity to other places
D)the physical and cultural characteristics of a place
26

What term refers to how easy or difficult it is to overcome the friction of distance?
A)Accessibility
B)Connectivity
C)Distance decay
D)Spatial Interaction
27

Modern geography had its origins in the surge of European scholarly inquiry that began in which century?
A)20th century
B)19th century
C)18th century
D)17th century
28

Which of the following is not considered a feature of the natural landscape?
A)canal
B)lake
C)river
D)brook
29

Which geography tradition focuses on the study of regions and the recognition of their spatial uniformities and differences?
A)Area analysis tradition
B)Culture-environment tradition
C)Earth science tradition
D)Locational tradition
30

What term refers to the increasing interconnection of all societies in all parts of the world?
A)spatial diffusion
B)networking
C)globalization
D)spatial interaction
31

With regard to spatial interaction, telephone lines, road systems and pipelines are all examples of:
A)accessibility
B)spatial diffusion
C)movement
D)connectivity
32

Which of the four geography traditions underlies all of geographic inquiry?
A)earth science tradition
B)locational tradition
C)culture-environment tradition
D)area analysis tradition
33

Which of the following is not true about perceptual regions?
A)They reflect feelings and images rather than objective data.
B)They are less rigorously structured than formal or functional regions.
C)They are based on the mental maps of ordinary people.
D)They are only expressed at a local scale.
34

Which of the following is not considered a feature of the cultural landscape?
A)cornfield
B)soil
C)farmhouse
D)dam
35

"Out West" and "down South" are examples of:
A)absolute direction
B)relative location
C)relative direction
D)absolute location
36

Which of the following is not one of the 3 good reasons identified in the textbook as to why people study geography?
A)geography
B)geography is the only discipline concerned with differing physical and cultural phenomena on the surface of the earth
C)a grasp of geography is vital to understanding the national and international problems highlighted in news reports
D)geographic training opens the way to careers in a wide array of fields
37

The concept that, in a spatial sense, everything is related to everything else but relationships are stronger when things are near one another is known as:
A)Ptolemy's Fundamental Edict
B)The Original Decree of Geography
C)The Golden Rule of Geography
D)Tobler's First Law of Geography
38

The distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales are associated with which of the 5 fundamental themes of geography?
A)Location
B)Place
C)Movement
D)Regions
39

Which of the following correctly lists the 5 fundamental themes of Geography?
A)global, national, regional, local, micro
B)cartographic, physical, cultural, environmental, spatial
C)movement, regions, relationships within places, location, place
D)area, space, trends, patterns, time
40

Which of the 4 traditions of geography is the branch of the discipline that addresses itself to the earth as the habitat of humans?
A)earth science tradition
B)culture—environment tradition
C)locational (or spatial) tradition
D)area analysis (regional) tradition
41

The discipline of geography traces its roots back to the early:
A)Egyptians
B)Babylonians
C)Mesopotamians
D)Greeks
42

The individual who originally developed the idea of four unifying traditions within which geographers work is:
A)William Morris Davis
B)Ellen Churchill Semple
C)William D. Pattison
D)Alexander von Humboldt