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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
The 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait resulted in part from what type of boundary dispute?
A)military
B)positional
C)resource
D)territorial
2
Countries comprised mostly or exclusively of islands are classified by political geographers as:
A)compact
B)fragmented
C)elongated
D)prorupt
3
The fact that Illinois has over 6,000 local government units ranging from counties to special purpose sewer districts is an example of:
A)political fragmentation
B)metro-government
C)gerrymandering
D)proportional representation
4
The 49th parallel separating Canada from the United States across much of western North America is classified as what type of boundary?
A)artificial or geometric
B)ethnographic
C)natural
D)subsequent
5
With respect to regional alliances:
A)in the developing world they tend to be formed among countries which share the same former colonial master
B)their formation often stimulates the creation of alliances by countries left out of another alliance
C)there is no tendency for them to be contiguous to each other
D)they almost always occur among countries with homogeneous economies
6
An example of a part-nation state is the:
A)Arab nation
B)Basque nation
C)Kurds
D)Ukrainians
7
Exclusive economic zones recognized under the Law of the Sea Convention extend outward from coasts by:
A)200 meters
B)200 miles
C)200 kilometers
D)200 nautical miles
8
Which world region has the largest number of countries with women occupying more than 25% of their country's legislative seats?
A)Africa
B)Latin America
C)Europe
D)Asia
9
The world's largest and richest bloc of countries comprise which economic alliance?
A)Council of Mutual Economic Assistance
B)European Union
C)European Free Trade Association
D)South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
10
Vatican City, which perforates Italy, is an example of an:
A)elongated state
B)autonomous Russian Republic
C)enclave
D)antecedent boundary
11
With a peninsular extension of its land area, Thailand is an example of what state shape?
A)prorupt
B)compact
C)elongated
D)perforated
12
Which group of people is an example of a stateless nation?
A)Kurds
B)Iraqis
C)Irish
D)Cambodians
13
The primary objective of local zoning ordinances in municipalities is to:
A)eliminate political fragmentation
B)allow citizen participation in deciding how land may be used
C)foster cooperation among many governmental units in small areas
D)prevent the proliferation of special purpose governmental districts
14
The Spanish territorial outliers of Ceuta and Melilla are examples of:
A)enclaves
B)ministates
C)exclaves
D)stateless nations
15
The least efficient shape for the management of a state is:
A)compact
B)elongated
C)fragmented
D)prorupt
16
Singapore has become an important center for world shipping and commerce due to its:
A)absolute location
B)relative location
C)size
D)shape
17
Which of the following is not considered to be a centripetal force in preserving state cohesiveness?
A)United Nations membership
B)nationalism
C)systems of transportation and communication
D)effective organization and administration of government
18
Which of these countries does not currently have a political movement seeking a degree of self-rule?
A)Spain
B)France
C)Belgium
D)Germany
19
Territorial seas under the Law of the Sea extend out to:
A)12 nautical miles
B)24 nautical miles
C)200 nautical miles
D)350 nautical miles
20
A capital city spatially associated with its core region, is commonly found in:
A)federal states
B)functioning states
C)primate states
D)unitary states
21
What shape is considered the most efficient form for effective organization and administration of a state?
A)prorupt
B)elongated
C)compact
D)perforated
22
Forces which promote unity and stability in a country are referred to as:
A)centrifugal forces
B)devolutionary forces
C)centripetal forces
D)affiliated forces
23
The Mississippi River is an example of what kind of boundary?
A)consequent boundary
B)natural boundary
C)superimposed boundary
D)antecedent boundary
24
What kind of boundary was drawn between Northern Ireland and Ireland to accommodate existing religious differences?
A)superimposed boundary
B)consequent boundary
C)antecedent boundary
D)relic boundary
25
Hungary's claims to Transylvania in Romania is based on what type of border conflict?
A)watershed divides
B)resource dispute
C)minority group identification
D)landlock dispute
26
Which of the following is used as an icon of American nationalism?
A)dollar sign
B)Santa Claus
C)golden arches
D)bald eagle
27
Afghans swearing allegiance to local warlords rather than to the state is an example of:
A)nationalism
B)subnationalism
C)supranationalism
D)ethnocentrism
28
Which of the following is not primarily an economic alliance?
A)NATO
B)MERCOSUR
C)OPEC
D)APEC
29
The now universal idea of the modern state was developed in the 18th century by political philosophers in what world region?
A)Europe
B)North America
C)East Asia
D)North Africa
30
By 2009, the number of independent states in the world numbered nearly:
A)35
B)70
C)200
D)400
31
Occupying nearly 6.5 million square miles (17 million sq km), or some 11% of the land surface of the world, the world's largest country is:
A)Australia
B)Canada
C)United States
D)Russia
32
The area of original settlement in a state that usually contains its densest population and largest cities is called the:
A)nucleus
B)central artery
C)core area
D)focal point
33
Brasilia, the capital city purposely built in the interior of Brazil so as to increase development, is an example of a:
A)relocation capital
B)forward-thrust capital
C)territorial capital
D)expansion-progression capital
34
A no longer functioning boundary line that is still marked by some landscape features or differences on the two sides is a:
A)relic boundary
B)historical boundary
C)tribute boundary
D)preservation boundary
35
The claim of India and Pakistan to the Kashmir region is based on the area's substantial Hindu and Muslim populations and is an example of:
A)historicism
B)irredentism
C)devolution
D)supranationalism
36
Scientists estimate the Arctic seabed might contain this much of the world's undiscovered oil, gas, and minerals.
A)5%
B)15%
C)25%
D)35%
37
One of the most powerful of the centripetal forces, based on the concept of allegiance to a single country and the ideals and way of life it represents, is known as:
A)idealism
B)territoriality
C)autonomy
D)nationalism
38
Canada houses a powerful secessionist movement in the country's largest province of:
A)Ontario
B)Quebec
C)British Columbia
D)Manitoba
39
Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia are examples of what type of 20th century terrorism?
A)state terrorism
B)subnational terrorism
C)domestic terrorism
D)international terrorism
40
The two preconditions common to all separatist movements are:
A)independence and customs
B)ethnicity and statehood
C)territory and nationality
D)religion and language
41
The association of countries created for mutual benefit and the achievement of shared objectives is:
A)regionalism
B)nationalism
C)subnationalism
D)supranationalism
42
The strategy of drawing political boundaries so as to dilute the opposition's strength by dividing its votes among a number of districts is known as the:
A)electoral vote
B)stacked vote
C)wasted vote
D)excess vote
43
The study of the organization and spatial distribution of political phenomena is known as:
A)geographicacy
B)pedology
C)political geography
D)international relations
44
A group of people with a common culture occupying a particular territory is known as a:
A)nation
B)state
C)exclave
D)enclave
45
Totally or partially autonomous political units that are small in area and have less than 1 million people are known as:
A)microunits
B)ministates
C)nanonations
D)millilands
46
Arabic militia groups known as the Janjaweed have been terrorizing the local population in which region of the Sudan?
A)Darfur
B)Burma
C)Congo
D)Eritrea
47
The process of transferring certain powers from the central government to sub-regional governments is known as:
A)transference
B)peripherality
C)partitioning
D)devolution
48
The practice of drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so as to unfairly favor one political party over another is:
A)arbitration
B)polymaximizing
C)gerrymandering
D)exclusionary zoning
49
In the city of Houston, the placement of solid waste disposal facilities and garbage incinerators in minority neighborhoods is pointed to as an example of:
A)detritus
B)environmental racism
C)environmental equity
D)spatial scrapping







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