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Multiple Choice
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Read each statement carefully and then select the best answer.

1
_____________________ coupled the emphasis on adjustment with measures of social role performance across the life span.
A)Age stratification
B)The Kansas City Study of Adult Life
C)Robert Havighurst
D)Disengagement theory
2
____________________ theory did not originate from population aging but from sociological research on status attainment.
A)Social constructionist
B)Disengagement
C)Continuity
D)Age stratification
3
Activity theory was formalized by
A)Eleanor Roosevelt.
B)Robert Havighurst.
C)Passuth Lynott.
D)Henry Cummings.
4
Feminist theorists criticize research on aging because
A)researchers have created separate models of aging by relating certain topics to men and others to women.
B)research that is technically gender neutral is often based on a conceptual model derived from men's experiences.
C)arguments about how social programs produce inequality emphasize class effects but ignore gender effects.
D)All of these
5
The most controversial element of _____ theory is its definition of normal aging.
A)disengagement
B)continuity
C)subculture
D)exchange
6
The most controversial aspect of disengagement theory was the idea that disengagement was
A)unusual.
B)pathological.
C)universal.
D)present in American culture only.
7
_____ is the most universal religious activity among Americans.
A)Prayer
B)Attending church
C)Belonging to a church
D)Involvement in church activities
8
All but which one of the following theories focus on individual aging processes?
A)disengagement theory
B)modernization theory
C)activity theory
D)continuity theory
9
One criticism of age stratification theory is that
A)defining structures as relationships among positions ignores power relationships that determine how statuses and roles are allocated.
B)it assumes that the withdrawal of the elderly from society is a normal part of aging.
C)it often neglects the structural features of life.
D)it defines normal aging around a male model.
10
_____ theory disappeared from the research agenda until recently. Now as older people have become involved in interest groups, questions have arisen about their groups' identity.
A)Exchange
B)Subculture
C)Disengagement
D)Continuity







Quadagno, Aging 4eOnline Learning Center

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