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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
In the development of a human organism, when does the fetal period start?
A)one month
B)two months
C)three months
D)four months
2
A fertilized egg is called
A)a zygote.
B)a fetus.
C)an infant.
D)an ovum.
3
An infant born between 38 and 42 weeks after conception is considered
A)a preterm infant.
B)a teratogen.
C)a full-term infant.
D)an embryo.
4
A fetus can be exposed to a variety of harmful agents that may cause birth defects. These agents are referred to as
A)fetal alcohol syndrome.
B)teratogens.
C)estrogens.
D)androgens.
5
You may have had the experience of a newborn infant grasping your finger when you touch his or her hand. The newborn infant’s grasping is an example of
A)physical development.
B)a reflex.
C)a motor skill.
D)habituation.
6
An infant is repeatedly shown a picture of his mother's face and a picture of geometric shapes. Each time, the infant tends to gaze at the picture of his mother's face. This finding is an example of
A)habituation.
B)reflex.
C)egocentrism.
D)preferential looking.
7
During the ages of 3 to 6 years, which area of the brain undergoes the most rapid growth?
A)parietal
B)temporal
C)occipital
D)frontal
8
Understanding that while the shape of an object may change, the mass of the object stays the same is an example of
A)object permanence.
B)a schema.
C)conservation.
D)accommodation.
9
Object permanence happens in which of Piaget's stages?
A)sensorimotor
B)preoperational
C)concrete operational
D)formal operational
10
Which of the following theorists is most closely associated with a theory of cognitive development?
A)Erikson
B)Kohlberg
C)Kohut
D)Piaget
11
During what ages does the concrete operational stage occur?
A)birth to two years of age
B)two to seven years of age
C)seven to eleven years of age
D)eleven to fifteen years of age
12
Erikson's stage of autonomy versus shame occurs during which ages?
A)the first year and a half of life
B)ages one and a half through three
C)ages three through five
D)ages 6 through puberty
13
Which parenting style is associated with the best child outcomes?
A)authoritarian
B)authoritative
C)neglectful
D)indulgent
14
If a parent instructs a child to do something because "I said so," this would be an example of a(n) _____ parenting style.
A)authoritarian
B)authoritative
C)neglectful
D)indulgent
15
Making decisions about right and wrong based on punishments or rewards is consistent with which level of moral reasoning?
A)preconventional
B)conventional
C)postconventional
D)formal operational
16
Which of the following contributes to gender role development?
A)biological sex
B)parenting
C)peer relationships
D)All of the answers are correct.
17
During adolescence there are changes in the structure of the brain. Changes in which of the following brain structures are thought to be partially responsible for adolescent behavior?
A)the hippocampus and the cerebellum
B)the basal ganglia and the thalamus
C)the reticular formation and the brain stem
D)the amygala and the prefrontal cortex
18
Which of the following socioemotional development stages occurs in adolescence?
A)intimacy versus isolation
B)generativity versus stagnation
C)initiative versus guilt
D)identity versus identity confusion
19
Which theory of aging states that our cells can only divide about 100 times, which is why humans can only live to about 120?
A)free-radical theory
B)cellular-clock theory
C)telomeres theory
D)life-expectancy theory
20
A person's knowledge of the working of automobiles is an example of
A)fluid intelligence.
B)preoperational thinking.
C)crystallized intelligence.
D)accommodation.
21
Erikson's intimacy versus isolation stage of socioemotional development occurs during which period of life?
A)childhood
B)adolescence
C)early adulthood
D)middle adulthood
E)late adulthood







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