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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
What area of the brain is most associated with arousal?
A)cerebral cortex
B)reticular activating system
C)hippocampus
D)temporal lobe
2
What level of awareness would be engaged for the average person driving his or her car?
A)higher-level consciousness
B)automatic process
C)subconscious awareness
D)no awareness
3
Completing a calculus test would be an example of
A)lower-level awareness.
B)an automatic process.
C)a controlled process.
D)metacognition.
4
At what age do children usually begin to develop a theory of mind?
A)two years old
B)three years old
C)four years old
D)five years old
5
Which brain waves are most desynchronous?
A)alpha waves
B)beta waves
C)gamma waves
D)theta waves
6
What brain structure is most responsible for monitoring circadian rhythms?
A)hypothalamus
B)reticular formation
C)suprachiasmatic nucleus
D)nucleus accumbens
7
What type of brain waves are present when we are awake?
A)alpha waves
B)delta waves
C)gamma waves
D)theta waves
8
Sleep spindles occur in which stage of sleep?
A)stage 1
B)stage 2
C)stage 3
D)stage 4
9
The majority of dreaming occurs in which stage of sleep?
A)stage 2
B)stage 3
C)stage 4
D)stage 5
10
What is the minimum number of hours of sleep that is usually needed for healthy functioning?
A)4 hours
B)6 hours
C)8 hours
D)10 hours
11
A full sleep cycle lasts about
A)30 minutes.
B)60 minutes.
C)90 minutes.
D)120 minutes.
12
Which neurotransmitter is most associated with REM sleep?
A)serotonin
B)norepinephrine
C)adenosine
D)acetylcholine
13
Which of the following statements is correct?
A)Night terrors occur during non-REM sleep, while nightmares occur during REM sleep.
B)Night terrors are more common than nightmares.
C)Night terrors do not involve physiological reactions, such as sweating and increased heart rate, whereas nightmares do.
D)Both night terrors and nightmares increase in frequency up through middle-adulthood.
14
What theory of dreams states that dreams are the byproduct of neural activity in the lower brain?
A)cognitive theory
B)activation-synthesis theory
C)parallel-processing theory
D)Freudian-interpretation theory
15
Which view of hypnosis states that people who are hypnotized behave how they think someone should behave under hypnosis, rather than actually being in an altered state of consciousness?
A)divided state of consciousness
B)social cognitive behavior
C)hypnosedation
D)activation-synthesis theory
16
A person who is suffering a hangover after a night of heavy drinking is displaying
A)psychological dependence.
B)tolerance.
C)withdrawal symptoms.
D)alcoholism.
17
Which neurotransmitter has been implicated in addition?
A)norepinephrine
B)acetylcholine
C)agonists
D)dopamine
18
Which neurotransmitter is most affected by alcohol?
A)GABA
B)acetylcholine
C)norepinephrine
D)serotonin
19
Which of the following drugs is a depressant?
A)nicotine
B)cocaine
C)marijuana
D)barbiturates
20
Which of the following statements is correct?
A)Meditation is a state of altered consciousness.
B)Meditation has health benefits.
C)Brain waves among people in a meditative state are the same as people who are asleep.
D)Meditation allows people to avoid their thoughts.







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