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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
In the most famous picture of Laozi (Lao Tzu), he rides
A)a horse.
B)a pedicab.
C)an ox.
D)a donkey.
2
According to the traditional story, Laozi wrote down his teachings only because
A)a border guard would not let him pass until he did so.
B)his students and disciples begged him.
C)a request came from Confucius.
D)he needed money.
3
According to the Daoists, if one leaves behind desires for individual things, one will
A)die.
B)be reborn to a better life.
C)see things differently.
D)become nameless.
4
Which is not a Daoist value?
A)simplicity
B)spontaneity
C)sensing movements of nature
D)formal education
5
In Zhuangzi's (Chuang Tzu's) famous dream, he was not certain that he was not
A)Confucius.
B)an ox.
C)a butterfly.
D)a Daoist.
6
Daoists view death as
A)a great evil.
B)a predictable transformation of nature.
C)an offering to the ancestors.
D)necessary for one's next rebirth.
7
By his teachings, Confucius hoped to
A)counter the influx of Buddhism into China.
B)produce virtuous people and create a harmonious society.
C)make a break with the past and focus China on the future.
D)draw people closer to Tian (Heaven).
8
Confucius thought the most important relationship was
A)ruler-subject.
B)husband-wife.
C)father-son.
D)friend-friend.
9
Which was not an additional virtue endorsed by Confucius?
A)loyalty
B)emotional control
C)thrift
D)pride
10
To a great extent in Confucianism, people are
A)selfish and need strict guidelines.
B)naturally good and best left alone.
C)individuals first.
D)their relationships.
11
For Confucius, a person who follows the way of heaven
A)avoids extremes and remains in harmony with others.
B)lives close to nature.
C)may be a great warrior.
D)is always meek and humble.
12
The most liberal thinkers in ancient China were
A)the Legalists.
B)the Daoists.
C)the Confucians.
D)followers of Xunzi.
13
The main thrust of the Cultural Revolution was to
A)renew and reform Confucianism.
B)stamp out the last vestiges of capitalism in China.
C)break with the past and all that was antiquated.
D)install the communists as the new leaders of China.
14
"No action," "no strain"; doing only what comes spontaneously and naturally; effortlessly.
A)Laozi
B)shu
C)wu wei
D)yin
15
The active aspect of reality that expresses itself in speech, light, and heat,
A)yin
B)wu wei
C)yang
D)shu
16
The strictest of Chinese philosophical schools, which advocated strong laws and punishments.
A)Mohists
B)Reformists
C)Legalists
D)Classicists
17
A Chinese school of philosophy that taught universal love.
A)Realists
B)Daoists
C)Mohists
D)Classicists
18
Empathy, consideration for others, humaneness; a Confucian virtue.
A)ren
B)shu
C)wen
D)qi
19
An ancient Confucian book of divination, one of the Five Classics, still in use today.
A)Yijing
B)Zhuangzi
C)Laozi
D)Xunzi
20
The legendary founder of Daoism.
A)Yijing
B)Zhuangzi
C)Xunzi
D)Laozi
21
Cultural refinement; a Confucian virtue
A)xiao
B)junzi
C)wen
D)ren
22
The life force.
A)shu
B)qi
C)wen
D)xiao
23
Appropriate action, ritual, propriety, etiquette.
A)wen
B)ren
C)xiao
D)li
24
Reciprocity; a Confucian virtue.
A)shu
B)wen
C)xiao
D)ren
25
"Noble person," the refined human ideal of Confucianism.
A)ren
B)qi
C)junzi
D)shu
26
The mysterious origin of the universe that is present and visible in everything.
A)li
B)Dao
C)yin
D)yang
27
Concerning the origins of Daoism, scholars today point to
A)the historical founder, Laozi.
B)the Yijing, the Book of Changes.
C)the legendary Jade Emperor.
D)a multiplicity of possible sources that coalesced into a movement.







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