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True or False Quiz
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1
During the preoperational stage, between the ages of approximately two and seven, children begin to represent the world with words, images, and drawings.
A)True
B)False
2
The focusing of attention on one characteristic to the exclusion of all others is known as egocentrism.
A)True
B)False
3
Animism is the inability to distinguish between one's own perspective and someone else's perspective.
A)True
B)False
4
The symbolic function substage is the second substage of preoperational thought, occurring roughly between the ages of 4 and 7 years.
A)True
B)False
5
Children in the intuitive substage of preoperational stage tend to be sure about their knowledge and understanding yet are unaware of how they know what they know.
A)True
B)False
6
Scaffolding means changing the level of support.
A)True
B)False
7
According to Vygotsky, private speech represents an early transition in becoming more socially communicative.
A)True
B)False
8
Piaget's theory has no general stages of development while Vygotksy's theory has strong emphasis on stages of development.
A)True
B)False
9
According to Piaget, children construct knowledge by transforming, organizing, and reorganizing previous knowledge.
A)True
B)False
10
Sustained attention is focused and extended engagement with an object, task, event, or other aspect of the environment.
A)True
B)False
11
Preschool children are likely to pay attention to stimuli that stand out, or are salient, even when those stimuli are not relevant to solving a problem or performing a task.
A)True
B)False
12
As compared to adults, preschool children are less susceptible to misleading or incorrect post-event information.
A)True
B)False
13
Interviewing techniques can produce substantial distortions in children's reports about highly salient events.
A)True
B)False
14
By the time they are five years old; most children realize that people can have false beliefs.
A)True
B)False
15
Autistic children tend to perform better on tasks that assess their reasoning about false beliefs than they do on tasks that require reasoning about physical causality.
A)True
B)False
16
In a child-centered kindergarten, the emphasis is on what is learned rather than on the process of learning.
A)True
B)False
17
The Montessori approach fosters independence and the development of cognitive skills.
A)True
B)False
18
The Montessori approach emphasizes verbal interaction between the teacher and child and peer interaction.
A)True
B)False
19
Developmentally appropriate activities involve direct teaching largely through abstract paper-and-pencil activities presented to large groups of young children.
A)True
B)False
20
Project Head Start is a compensatory program designed to provide children from low-income families the opportunity to acquire the skills and experiences important for success in school.
A)True
B)False







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